There are at least three situations that appear with frequency in Translation: perfect auditory and semantic match, semantic match (usually partial), and gap.
First situation: compilação
(Portuguese), and compilation
(English), and intestino
in the sense found in the expression honours course
may refer to a computer operation (see
If the source-language text is about a programming language, say Clipper, discusses how to create an executable file from scratch, and the sentence is na compilação, você deve se preocupar com as mensagens de erro
, na compilação
changes into in the compilation
means any of the parts of the digestive tube
). Its perfect match is intestine
The context is a general practitioner in Australia asking his patient, how is your bowel doing?
In this context, (bowel
) form a semantic match.
is a course that differs from the usual undergraduate course by one component, which is the non-original research work, usually produced throughout a year by the student.
They then enjoy the privilege of dealing with their chosen professor directly, frequently, and with no competition.
The most complex part of the course is writing a minor thesis.
in Brazil, students perform non-original research work, and write minor theses since Primary School.
Life in the first world nations is less competitive, and less demanding than life in the last world nations: it is frequently the case that academics in Brazil have to assess, and mark individual non-original research work of dozens of students.
They also have to be available for doubts, and informal assessments of their students' work, this all on a one-on-one basis, and things are even worse if it is a good establishment of teaching and learning
Because of that, Brazil has no special name for an undergraduate course that includes a non-original research component.
This is a situation of no possible match
or a situation where there is a gap
: how can the world reference for the sigmatoid honours
be selected through discourse that is written in Portuguese?
There are at least two possible solutions: repeating the expression as it is, and creating a note (N.T.s), or writing the sigmatoid curso
in place of the expression honours course
, and creating a note.